Kashmir Carpets -A hand knotted carpet
of Kashmir is perhaps the most coveted of textile weaves, because of its
fineness and quality.
The process of wrapping yarn around the warp to form a pile is known as
knotting. A hand knotted carpet is made purely by hand using either wool
Kashmir Silk Carpet is also unique in the way that every single carpet is
woven based on a design visualized by a designer and its corresponding
Talim; a coded script consisting of precise instructions to be strictly
followed by the weaver while weaving the carpet. This coded script is a
weaver's technical language. The practice of Talim is a unique method of
manufacturing carpets and is distinct to the Kashmir region.
Kashmir Pashmina Shawls -Pashmina is
the name of the finest hand made woolen fabric made from the soft, downy
undercoat that grows primarily on the neck and belly of the Himalayan
Mountain goat, Capra Hiracus. Therefore Pashmina is Pashm in woven form.
The word pashm is adjective of a Kashmiri word 'Posh', meaning the animal.
In the opinion of some oriental scholars the word Pashmina is of either
Turkish or Persian origin.
Pashmima has a special luster due to its long fine fibers which are as
thin as 12 microns. By contrast, the fibers from premium sheep's wool such
as Merino Extra fine, are 23 microns thick and human hair ranges up to 200
microns thickness. Thus Pashmina is exceptionally light, soft and warm and
feels luxurious against the skin. The natural colors of the fleece range
from white to gray, brown, dark tan and black.
Kashmir Kani Shawls - Kani shawl is a
length of intricately woven material used as a wrapper around the body.
The shawl is widely known as Jamawar as the Kings and courtiers used to
buy it by the yard, war and made "Jama" gown or robe out of it. It has a
superfine texture which baffles even the connoisseurs. Immensely impressed
by its resilience, the Emperor Nepoleon presented a shawl to his Empress
Josphine in 1776. This was so liked by the warrior's wife that it set a
trend of new fashion in the whole of Europe.
The craft is believed to be indigenous to Kashmir. It was considered as
the imperial prestige, hence given an immense amount of patronage by Akbar,
the great Mughal King. The miniature paintings and portraits show the
Emperor wearing robes and gowns made of Kani shawl, thus pointing towards
his being the great admirer of the art.
Artisans of tremendous skill and patience go to the loom and create a
marvelous piece of Kani Shawl. An unbelievable amount of concentration is
required for weaving just an inch of Jamawar. An artisan can not weave
beyond an inch a day while being at the loom. The Kani Shawl being oblong
in shape generally remains in 1x2 meters in size.
Two craftsmen can complete a shawl within 2 to 3 years and in some cases
the period of weaving even stretches to 5 long years, depending entirely
Kashmir Woodcarving - The process of
walnut woodcarving is known as dhun hath kaem (walnut wood work) or simply
as dhoon kaem (walnut work).
The walnut wood carving of Kashmir, employs a process of hand carving done
very carefully and delicately in various styles by means of varied tools,
fabricated locally depicting forms and motifs that have evolved over a
period of centuries. The carving employs a host of motifs that are largely
based on the varied flora and fauna of the region. These motifs are used
in highly intricate patterns with some stylization which is also
reflective of other associated Kashmiri handicrafts.
The process is representative of local tradition of carving, evolved over
the centuries and transmitted through the usage of both wood as well as
stone in architectural as well as sculptural medium. The walnut woodwork
represents various facets of carving; from flat to deep relief that
employs a subtle three-dimensional effect.
The manufacturing of walnut wood carved products has developed into a
highly specialized craft industry on the same lines as many other crafts
from this region, with streamlined stages of production.
Kashmir Papier-Mâché - Papier-Mache is
among the most renowned crafts of Kashmir. The craft represents a rich
tradition of craftsmanship that dates back to the reign of Zainul Abidin
Budshah (1420-1470 A.D) originally the art of papier-mâché confined to
Kari Qalamdani, the making of pen cases. With the passage of time however,
the craft developed and recorded a great perfection. papier-mâché as of
today covers the whole range of poignant products that keeps the customers
alluring throughout the world. Flower Vases, office screen, trays, book
jackets and powder boxes are only a few of the decorative and utility
items produced in papier-mâché. The art products are embellished after the
delicate process of preparation of mould use of pulp and application of
colours and designing. The designs that very often recur in making of
papier-mâché objects include gul-under-gul (flower within flower) hazara,
(the thousand flowers) and gul vilayat ( the dear flower).
Proficient artisans even render the Mughal miniature paintings in
papier-mâché, creating an object of rather an unsurpassed value. Gold
powder is also added to some of the objects to make them more alluring.
Kashmir Willow Work - Willow rushes
that grow plentifully in marshes and lakes in Kashmir are used to make
charmingly quaint objects, ranging from shopping baskets and lampshades to
tables and chairs, all generally in expensive. To increase their life
span, unvarnished products should be chiseled and frequently sprayed with
water, particularly in hot, dry climates, to prevent them from brittle.
Because the plenty growth of bamboo, the bamboo craft is deeply rooted in
local folk tradition. The product includes Tokras, Tokris, oval shaped
containers with lids and Chhikus etc. In Kashmir 'Kangri' the handmade
warming equipment is made with an earthen bowl wrapped in a net of bamboo
Kashmir Copperware - The Kashmiri
artisan also produces excellent products of copper-ware consisting mostly
of cooking pots and 'Samovars' (tea kettle of Russian origin) and sundry
articles for the household or the mantelpiece. The copperware of Srinagar
is admiringly adapted for electroplating
The old city abounds with shops where objects of copper line the walls,
the floor and even the ceiling made generally for the local market.
Craftsmen can often be seen engraving objects of household
utility-samovars, bowls, plates and trays. Floral, stylized, geometric,
leaf and sometimes calligraphic motifs are engraved or embossed on copper,
and occasionally silver, to cover the entire surface with intricate
designs which are then oxidized, the better to stand out from the
background. The work known as ‘naqash’ determines the price of the object,
as does the weight.
Both plain and engraved work is executed to cater to the differing tastes
of buyers, which include many American tourists. The range of silverware
is indeed wide: silver tea-sets, flower vases, toilet sets, ornamental
picture frames, cigarette cases, tumblers etc, Among the flora and fauna,
leaves of the 'Chinar' and the lotus furnish the popular patterns. Designs
of the lilac, a popular flower of the valley are also wrought in the
Kashmir Crewel - Crewel embroidery
provides a very dazzling and durable material for draperies and
upholsteries. The embroidery is done on thick woven cloth called "Dusooti"
in local parlance with pointed hook, crochet. The craft is believed to
have been introduced in Kashmir by Syrian traders in 13th Century AD.
All embroidery is hand done in either single or double ply wool. Crewel
embroidery material is quite popular in export market as it satisfies the
aesthetic expression lover of beauty all over the world. Besides these
crewel products are very popular in domestic market also. Designs are
available in assortment of colors ranging from a single color to
multicolor embroidery. However, the designs and colors patterns can be
altered as per order. The price is related with the amount of embroidery
done on the material. The width of material is 52", 54" inches and length
it comes in 25 or 29 meters, per roll. The craft is also available on
Bedspreads, Cushion Covers, Throws, Shams, Curtain Drops, Duvets Covers in
various sizes ranging from single to king size. We are sure to create a
new World beauty in handicrafts and open new vistas in crewel embroidery
fabrics given a chance. .
Kashmir Tapestry - Tapestry is a
delicate and delightful rug of Kashmir. It is commonly known as a piece of
interior decoration. There is now a growing tendency to use it as the
floor covering also.
In making of the tapestry piece a process that involves the stitching on
canvass has to be carefully done with needle on frames of different sizes.
The bigger the frame, the larger shall be the size of the tapestry.
Usually the sizes remain confined to 3' x 5', 6' x 4 and 6' x 9' unless
ordered to desired specifications. Woolen yarn of 2 to 3 ply is stitched
with the canvass in various designs, mostly Italian to produce an
ornamental piece of wall hanging. The flora and fauna often find place in
tapestry designs. This style of making tapestries is unique as it does not
resemble the process of manufacture of the rug anywhere else. In Spain and
in other European countries it is made on looms.
Kashmir Chain Stitch Rugs - These are
hand embroidered rugs used as floor coverings or as wall hanging . This is
an inexpensive carpet or the substitute for the carpet and comes in all
The technique of chain stitch is that of continued stitch of embroidery
work all over the cloth, not by a needle but by a hook called 'Aree'.
The embroidery is done all over on a hand-woven preshrunk white cotton
cloth base with woolen, cotton or silken threads. The cloth used as the
base cannot be seen at all because of continued stitching. In the best and
expensive ones only the finest woolen threads are used with finnier and
large number of stitches- tinnier, the neater and the better.
Kashmir Numdas & Gabbas - The valley
of Kashmir offers you two type of floor covering beside carpet, they are
Namdas and Gabbas, suits to everybody's budget. These colorful floor
coverings made from woolen and cotton fibers.
Gabba rugs : Gabba is made from old woolens on which different colored cut
out forms are secured with chain stitch. The edges and the field are
covered with large embroidery. These rugs are usually made of 65 % wool or
silk yarn & 35 % of cotton yarn the base of the rug is hessian cloth in
pastel colors 7 it is backed by cotton cloth on the surface. Kashmiri
embroidery is done the motifs are traditional Kashmiri floral patterns.
Namdas : These are like small carpets
but less expensive than carpets .They are made from cotton or wool fibers
,The fibers, which is manually pressed into shape , can be plain or
decorated by appliqué work of Chain stitch embroidery. Prices vary with
the percentage of wool – a Namda containing 30 per cent wool being less
expensive than the one containing 75 per cent wool. Namdas known for their
bright colors & lovely designs.
A Numdah is a piece of pressed felt made either out of mixing wool and
cotton or entirely of wool. Wool and cotton or unspun wool is evenly
spread over a mat and then rolled and pressed underfoot for felting. The
felted piece is then milled, washed and dried. Numdahs are either plain or
also available with embroidery. The numdah makes a warm, colourful and
inexpensive floor covering and is also used as a mattress where the
climate is colder.
Kashmir Furniture - Kashmir furniture
is one of the oldest traditional work of art that is still in high demand.
If you look at the painted Almirah of Kashmir furniture, you will surely
want to possess one. A unique item of art, the beauty of Kashmir furniture
is bound to mesmerize all. The traditional Kashmir furniture are quality
products. Made from good quality teak wood or other famous woods, the
tradition and the heritage of the state get reflected in these royal
Consisting of items such as antique racks in various shapes and sizes,
wooden Almirah, Jali Almirah, royal furniture and painted Almirah, these
Kashmiri furniture are rare items of craft that needs good reservation and