Earthquakes cannot be predicted;
After shocks are not infrequent; Nobody can tell when it will happen ?
What to Do Before, During and After an Earth quake
By Dr Fiaz Maqbool Fazili
A Disaster Management Expert And Senior Surgeon
-author of book "major disaster plan (MDP) for Kashmir health care
The following tips can help you prepare for an emergency and respond
safely to an earthquake.
Before: You can take a number of steps to improve safety before an
Prepare an emergency plan and conduct an emergency mock drill or exercise
if possible with your family.
Prepare and maintain an emergency preparedness kit be self-sufficient for
at least few days, and preferably up to 2 days, following an earthquake.
Evaluate your home . Have your building and appliances inspected to assure
that they are able to withstand a significant earthquake.
Know the location of your gas service shutoff valve, and how to shut off
your gas supply.
Most gas appliances have a shutoff valve located near the appliance that
lets you turn off the gas to that appliance only. Know which of you
appliances use gas, and where the appliance shutoff valves are located. In
some cases, turning off the gas at the appliance's shutoff valve will
Know the location of the main electric switch and how to turn off your
Making Your Room Safe
Keep heavy or breakable things away from over your bed or desk. Most
injuries result from falling objects, not collapsing buildings.
Place your bed and desk chair away from windows. If that isn’t possible,
sleep with your head away from the window.
Keep breakables secure in low cabinets.
Secure your computer to the table with velcro-type fasteners
Identify safe places in your room, such as under furniture, in an interior
corner, in an interior hallway. Wooden frames of your doors
Avoid windows, mirrors, and hanging objects.
Keep exits clear
Know where exits are located.
Know where you will "Stop, Drop and Hold" during an earthquake .
Prepare Personal Emergency Kit
A personal emergency kit is important for major disasters and sometimes
for not-so major events. A kit makes your life much more comfortable (a
candy bar or crackers can be very sustaining) in a time of high anxiety.
Past and recent experience has taught us that Government agencies
are too slow to mobilize , being prepared yourself is a responsible way to
take care of yourself – and those around you.
Portable, battery-powered AM/FM radio with extra batteries
Rubber long boots ;gloves
Personal hygiene supplies (soap, tissues, towel, etc)
Essential medications, prescriptions, spare eyeglasses, or contact lenses
Phone number of an out-of area contact that all family members use (local
phones will likely not work in an emergency).
Water and non-perishable food (e.g., Biscuits ;canned fruit,, crackers)
BABY FOODS -(usually forgotten)
What to do during an earthquake;
If you are indoors, duck or drop down to the floor. Take cover under a
sturdy desk, table or other furniture. or stand in an interior doorway.
Hold on to it and be prepared to move with it. Hold the position until the
ground stops shaking and it is safe to move. Stay away from exterior walls
and windows, masonry veneers (such as fireplaces), tall heavy furniture,
and hanging pictures or mirrors or appliances that may fall over . Stay
inside to avoid being injured by falling glass or building parts. If you
are in a crowded area, take cover where you are. Stay calm and encourage
others to do likewise. Stay away from exterior walls and windows, masonry
veneers (such as fireplaces), tall furniture, and hanging pictures or
If you are outside, get into the open, away from buildings and power
lines.Be alert for falling debris.
If you are driving, pull to side of the road and stop if it is safe but
stay inside your car until the earthquake is over. Move your car as far
out of the normal traffic pattern as possible. If possible, avoid stopping
under or near electric power lines, trees, light posts or signs Move your
vehicle out of the normal traffic pattern as much as possible. Do not stop
on or under overpasses, bridges, or tunnel. Do not stop under or near
electrical power lines, light posts, trees, or signs. Stay in your car
until the earthquake is over.
If you are in a mountainous area, or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be
alert for falling rock and other debris that could be loosened by the
If you are at the river /lake /beach, move quickly to higher ground or
several hundred yards inland.
If you are cooking in the kitchen, turn off the stove/gas before you take
If you follow any faith recite the verses prescribed for such an event.
What to do after an earthquake
STAY CALM. THINK OF CONSEQUENCES.
Check yourself for injuries. Often people tend to others without checking
their own injuries. You will be better able to care for others if you are
not injured or if you have received first aid for your injuries. Ensure
everyone is safe.
Protect yourself from further danger by putting on long pants, a
long-sleeved shirt, sturdy shoes, and work gloves. This will protect your
from further injury by broken objects. leaking waters and toxic or
inflammable material or prevent you from electric shocks.
After you have taken care of yourself, help injured or trapped persons. If
you have it in your area, call control room , then give first aid when
appropriate. Don't try to move seriously injured people unless they are in
immediate danger of further injury.
Look for and extinguish small fires. Eliminate fire hazards. Putting out
small fires quickly, using available resources, will prevent them from
spreading. Fire is the most common hazard following earthquakes, creating
more damage than the earthquake.
Smell of gas or think it's leaking. Do not use electrical switches,
appliances, telephones or any flame if you suspect a gas leak, because
sparks can ignite gas. . Find a phone away from the building and call fire
services /control room immediately. If it is safe to do so, turn off the
gas service shutoff valve normally located near the cylinder or disconnect
it from the gas . If leaking gas starts to burn, do not try to put the
flame out. Call fire services /control room immediately. Once the gas is
shut off , do not try to turn it back on yourself. Only fire services or
civil defense or another qualified professional should turn the gas back
on. Explosions have caused injury and death when homeowners have
improperly turned their gas back on by themselves.
Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, or other flammable liquids
immediately. Avoid the hazard of a chemical emergency.
Open closet and cabinet doors cautiously. Contents may have shifted during
the shaking of an earthquake and could fall, creating further damage or
Inspect your home for damage. Get everyone out if your home is unsafe.
Aftershocks following earthquakes can cause further damage to unstable
buildings. If your home has experienced damage, get out before aftershocks
Help neighbors who may require special assistance. Elderly people and
people with disabilities may require additional assistance. People who
care for them or who have large families may need additional assistance in
Listen to a portable, battery-operated radio (or television) for updated
emergency information and instructions. If the electricity is out, this
may be your main source of information. Local radio and local officials
provide the most appropriate advice for your particular situation.
Expect aftershocks. Most of these are smaller than the main earthquake.
Some may be large enough to do additional damage to weakened structures
Each time you feel one, drop, cover, and hold on! Aftershocks frequently
occur minutes, days, weeks, and even months following an earthquake.
Expect aftershocks. Most of these are smaller than the main earthquake.
Some may be large enough to do additional damage to weakened structures.
Watch out for fallen power lines or broken gas lines, and stay out of
damaged areas. Hazards caused by earthquakes are often difficult to see,
and you could be easily injured. Check for downed or damaged electric
utility lines. Never touch wires lying on the ground, wires hanging on
poles, or objects that may be touching them. Downed wires still may be
carrying current and could shock, injure or even kill if touched. Check
for damaged household electrical wiring and shut off the power at the main
electric switch if you suspect any damage. If the power goes out, turn off
all electric appliances, and unplug major electric appliances to prevent
possible damage when the power is turned back on.
Stay out of damaged buildings. If you are away from home, return only when
authorities say it is safe. Damaged buildings may be destroyed by
aftershocks following the main quake.
Use battery-powered lanterns or flashlights to inspect your home. Kerosene
lanterns, torches, candles, and matches may tip over or ignite flammables
Inspect the entire length of chimneys carefully for damage. Approach
chimneys with caution. They may be weakened and could topple during an
aftershock. Unnoticed damage could lead to fire or injury from falling
debris during an aftershock. Cracks in chimneys can be the cause of a fire
Avoid smoking inside buildings. Smoking in confined areas can cause fires.
When entering buildings, use extreme caution. Building damage may have
occurred where you least expect it. Carefully watch every step you take.
Don't use any elevator unless it has been checked. Wear shoes to avoid
injury from broken glass. Don't eat or drink from open containers because
they may contain broken glass.
Examine walls, floor, doors, staircases, and windows to make sure that the
building is not in danger of collapsing. Fallen objects in closets and
cupboards: Displaced objects may fall when you open the door.
Check for gas leaks. If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise,
open a window and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas, using the
outside main valve if you can, and call the gas company from a neighbor's
home. If you turn off the gas for any reason, it must be turned back on by
a professional. Use flashlights or battery-powered lanterns. Do not use
lighters, matches, candles, or lanterns until you are sure there are no
Look for electrical system damage. If you see sparks or broken or frayed
wires, or if you smell burning insulation, turn off the electricity at the
main fuse box or circuit breaker. If you have to step in water to get to
the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician first for advice.
Check for sewage and water line damage. If you suspect sewage lines are
damaged, avoid using the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are
damaged, contact the plumber and avoid using water from the tap. You can
obtain safe water from undamaged water heaters or by melting ice cubes.
Watch for loose plaster, drywall, and ceilings that could fall.
Clean up. Clean up potentially harmful materials (toxic inflammable and/or
medicines which may have spilled.
Use the telephone only to report life-threatening emergencies. Telephone
lines are frequently overwhelmed in disaster situations. They need to be
clear for emergency calls to get through. Use your telephone or cell
phones only in the event of life-threatening emergencies.
Keep streets clear for emergency vehicles. Cooperate with public safety
Take pictures of the damage, both to the house and its contents, for
DO NOT SPREAD RUMORS
If you hear that some particular area locality is having damage; please
stay away ;allow rescue workers to evacuate or if you want to help
coordinate with the site coordinator;
According to faith -Seek forgiveness from "ALLAH" as per Islam earth
quakes come when sins go unchecked; and is curse on that community
Watch animals closely. Leash dogs and place them in a fenced yard. The
behavior of pets may change dramatically after an earthquake. Normally
quiet and friendly cats and dogs may become aggressive or defensive.
Earthquake drills, plans, and supplies ; Store emergency supplies
After a major earthquake, medical aid, transportation, water, electricity,
and communication may be unavailable or severely restricted for several
days to weeks. Be prepared to take care of yourself, your family, and your
neighbors for at least three days, longer if you live in a remote area.
At home, at work, and in your car, store flashlights, batteries, an ABC
rated fire extinguisher, a battery-operated radio, a first aid kit and
handbook, at least one gallon of water per person per day, food, warm
clothes, sturdy shoes, gloves, and a fresh supply of any medications you
and your family members may need. Don't forget baby foods ;
Consider what you will need if an earthquake takes place in the winter.
Have warm clothes and sleeping bags and pads for all members of your
Make sure emergency supplies are located in a safe and readily available
Make sure everyone in your family knows where these supplies are and how
to use them.
Include pets in your planning. Plan for their food and water supplies for
at least three days. Make arrangements with a neighbor to care for your
pet (s) in the event you are unable to get home.
Children and earthquakes
Earthquakes are traumatic events for all of us, but they are especially
frightening for children who may have to leave their homes and all that is
familiar to them. A child does not usually understand such events and
feels anxious, confused, and frightened. Fear is a normal reaction to any
danger which threatens life or well-being. After an earthquake, a child's
fears are those of recurrence, injury, death, or of being alone, separated
from the rest of the family. Aftershocks can increase this fear. Parents
sometimes ignore the emotional needs of a child once assured of their
physical safety. A child's persistent fears may generate disruptive
behavior, surprising and frustrating a parent who is trying to continue
with the daily family routine. How a parent can help:
Keep the family together. This provides immediate reassurance to a child;
fears of being abandoned and unprotected are alleviated.
Reassure children by words as well as actions. Emphasize the positive: "We
are all together and nothing has happened to us," or "You don't have to
worry, we will look after you."
Encourage the child to talk. It can also be helpful to include other
family members, neighbors, and their children in a talk about reactions to
Include the child in family activities. There will be important concerns
and things to do after an earthquake: checking on the damage, cleaning up
broken glass and fallen furniture. Whenever possible, a child can and
should be included in these activities. At bedtime, a child may have
difficulty falling asleep. The child may wake up during the night, and
have nightmares for weeks or months after the earthquake. These situations
may be dealt with by allowing the child to move into a room with another
child or to sleep on a mattress in the parents' room, or simply by a
parent spending a little extra time in the child's room giving
At bedtime, a child may have difficulty falling asleep. The child may wake
up during the night, and have nightmares for weeks or months after the
earthquake. These situations may be dealt with by allowing the child to
move into a room with another child or to sleep on a mattress in the
parents' room, or simply by a parent spending a little extra time in the
child's room giving reassurance.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN: Earth quake
Before an Emergency It is vital that parents keep home, work, cell phone,
e-mail, emergency contacts, and who can pick their student up from school
up to date with the authorities. This information is critical. Parents
should know student’s bus number, class schedule, locker number, friend’s
names and phone numbers. Parents and students
both must understand this plan and talk regularly to set up a plan for
situations such as these below. there should be mock drill for major
disasters. Buildings should be inspected periodically for safety
During shaking ;DUCK, COVER, HOLD/EARTHQUAKE; If an earthquake or similar
emergency situation occurs or staff says Duck and Cover:1. Duck-get down2.
Cover-get under desk or by a hallway wall3. Hold-hold onto desk and stay
there4.Move away from windows where there are large panes of glass and
away from objects that may fall or tip over. Everyone is to lay on the
floor, duck and cover and hide away from windows and doors. Don't panic
and run towards the door maintain discipline. Don't cry or scream; Follow
When shaking stops:
Stay calm. Stay where you are unless in immediate danger - do not
evacuate. If an earthquake has happened, be prepared for aftershocks.
Remain in duck, cover and hold until you hear an announcement. Listen
carefully for additional directions and be prepared to evacuate., make
sure exit path is safe, then exit.
• Listen carefully for additional directions via the intercom or a
messenger, which may include a change of status or evacuation.• Resume
normal activities and bell schedule only when notified by an administrator
or Head of the school.• Students are to stay in the classroom they are in
or return to their class immediately.
• DO NOT leave room for any reason.
• • Classes should continue as normal, however they should remain quiet.
if teachers feel it is safe; One should remain on telephone as parents may
• If classes are out of the building, they should remain outside.•
Everyone is to immediately report to nearest room or stay where they are (ie:
Bill Gates earns US $250 every
that's about US $20 Million a DAY
and US$7.8 Billion a YEAR
Once Santa was looking at a
WANTED poster & was wondering -
Saala wanted tha to photo kheenchne ke baad use jaane kyon diya ?
Santa on an interview for the
post of detective was asked a question-
Interviewer - Who killed Gandhiji ?
Santa - Thanks for giving me the job, I will investigate.
Santa returns book to library,
bangs it on table & says - What a shit ?
"I read the whole book, too many characters, no story at all" ?.
Librarian : So, you are the one who took the Telephone Directory....
Santa and Banta are driving a Car,
Santa puts on the indicator and asks Banta
to check whether it is working.
He puts his head out and says - YES..NO..YES..NO..YES..NO
Banta : Oye to har SMS ko do baar kyom bhej raha hai ?
Santa : Kyunki tujhe agar ek forward karna ho to dusra tere paas rahe !!!
About Bill Gates
Less Known Facts - about Bill Gates
1. Bill Gates earns US$250 every SECOND,
about US$20 Million a DAY
US$7.8 Billion a YEAR!
2. If he drops a thousand dollars, he won't even
bother to pick it up
bcoz during the 4 seconds he picks it, he
would've already earned it back.
3. The US national debt is about 5.62 trillion dollars,
if Bill Gates were to
pay the debt by himself;
he will finish it in less then 10 years.
4. He can donate US$15 to everyone on earth but
still be left with US$ 5 Million for his pocket money.
5. Michael Jordan is the highest paid athlete in US.
If he doesn't drink and eat, and keeps up his annual income
i.e. US$30 Million, he'll have to wait for 277 years to become as
rich as Bill Gates is now.
6. If Bill Gates was a country, he would be the
37th richest country on earth.
7. If you change all of Bill Gate's money to US$1 notes, you can
make a road from the earth to moon, 14 times back and forth.
But you have to make that road non-stop for 1,400 years, and
use a total of 713 BOEING 747 planes to transport all the
8. Bill Gates is 40 this year. If we assume that
he will live for another 35 years, he has to spend US$6.78 Million
per day to finish all his money before he goes to heaven.
Last but not the least : The Best One !!
9.If Microsoft Windows' users can claim US$1 for every
time their computers hang because of Microsoft Windows,
Bill Gates will be bankrupt in 3 years
Rumble Rumble what was that sound?
The ground started to shake !
It was definitely an earthquake
Oh no, oh no, what to do ?
The road is cracking, the sky no longer blue !
People scared, frightened, terrified !
People scream, children cry
Oh why, why ?
Do we have to die ?
People faces were pale !
It was 7.7 on the rector scale
The buildings crashed to floor
All those lives how would we restore
Cars would tip over
I thought our lives were over
People rush from side to side
Why birds insanely flied
People were at mosque to pray
Did they know this might be their last day
People kneeled with their hands together
Would this last forever !
Some people say it was a punishment !
Others say it was the day of judgment !
The earth was full of too many sins
This was their reason behind the whole thing
It was mother nature which could not be stopped
It had decided to put Asia in its plot
A warning from God some people say !
To remind those who were leading the wrong way
By SALINA HUSSAIN AGE 11 YEARS
STUDENT OF CLASS 7